CHAIR: ROBERT PRONER
Vice Chair: Andrew Ham
Topic 1: Eliminating Malnutrition and Hunger
The Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition declares that “Every man, woman and child has the inalienable right to be free from hunger and malnutrition in order to develop fully and maintain their physical and mental faculties.” While according to the same declaration there exist enough resources and infrastructure to provide everyone with a sufficient and nutritious diet, the distribution, implementation, and processing of those resources means that “more than two thirds of the world's population produce about one third of the world's food.” In cases such as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, according to a 2013 UN report, “84% of households – eight to nine families out of ten – were not consuming enough food.” Fighting malnutrition and hunger and ensuring access to enough food requires developmental and geopolitical strategies from the international community to ensure the existence of structures to provide sufficient and nutritious food for the populations of developing countries.
Topic 2: The Right to Freedom of Religion or Belief and Protection of Religious Minorities
In 2000, the UN modified an existing mandate to create the “Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief,” ensuring not only the right to practice of religion or belief, but also to counteract any obstacles which may impede or prevent this right. From extreme intolerance of religious groups in the Islamic Republic of Iran to inclusivity of religion in Western Europe to religious-based violence in Syria, religious conflict and obstacles to freedom of religion or belief are found all over the world and manifest in economic, social, and geopolitical contexts and policies. The UNHRC is in need of collective action to globally provide both the ability of freedom of religion or belief and also to recognize and counteract intolerance and persecution of religious groups as they exist today.