Saturday May 20th
Yesterday was a full day with three committee sessions, Secretariat-led workshops, a Yale information session, and the Yale Ball. Here’s what happened in committee sessions 2, 3, and 4:
At first, the committee struggled in fully understanding the concept of sovereignty rights and taking into account the national stances and interests. However, through active debate and continuous feedback, the committee was able to draft more cohesive and feasible solutions that tackled a wide spectrum of issues. Fueled by the passion of delegates, the LEGAL Committee was among the first committee to conclude debate on the first agenda! Though only one resolution passed, both resolutions reflected the committee’s deep interest in Turkey’s mass incarcerations and did an impressive job overall passing an elaborate humanitarian resolution. While there have also been questionable bloc formations in the second agenda, delegates strove to stick to their national stances and voice out the interests of member states. The Dias is proud of all the delegates as participation and effort have been impressive.
The delegates turned up to committee today with not just a passion to debate, but also with a resolved grit to solve the agenda at hand. The delegates set off by discussing the working papers that they had crafted which eventually helped them with their spot-on resolutions. Utilizing the lobbying periods wisely, the different nations cooperated and merged, also coordinating in advance in order to speci cally address the multitude of issues that child marriage directly causes. This not only ensured a comprehensive solution, but also resulted in the successful passing of not one, but two resolutions on the rst topic. With great enthusiasm, the committee of UN WOMEN transitioned to the second topic, initially identifying that both topics stem out of similar roots; however, through evolution of debate and speeches, they learnt the diversity of problems that honor killings causes as well. Countries of Jordan, Indonesia, Pakistan, Chad and United Kingdom expressed strong opinions about the issue deliberated. In a day that was lled with intense and productive debate, the highlight was the fact that inactive delegates participated with zeal and gave excellent points that added value to the sessions. Delegates were also overjoyed to participate and receive a “Yale experience” with the Yale Information sessions and Secretariat led workshops. All in all, the second day of the conference continued to give the momentum that the committee needed!
The Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee has finished its discussion of the first topic: Protecting Places of Cultural and Historical Significance Threatened by Conflict. After multiple sessions of moderated and unmoderated caucuses, delegates drafted two resolutions on the topic, of which one of them was passed unanimously and the other one failed by a meagre one vote. In the evening, the SOCHUM committee moved on to the second topic: Improving the Living Conditions in Refugee Camps. Delegates began the debate with a vigorous session of moderated caucus focusing on efficient mechanisms of providing aid to refugees in camps.
Tensions became high in the lobbying period when three independent working papers were heavily critiqued. However, after much deliberation, delegates compromised and worked together, passing a positive resolution on CyberSecurity after lunch. Discussion on the next topic began once again after a long break and much needed coffee.
Some of the major issues discussed by delegates of the Cold War Committee were how to solve the immediate crisis at hand. Delegates looked at short-term solutions for the October of 1962, when tensions escalated exponentially with nuclear war on the brink, the end of the world imminent. Urgently, delegates passed a resolution to establish hotlines between Cuba, the United States, and the Soviet Union in order to enhance communication and resolve urgent problems at hand. Member nations also agreed on holding annual conferences in order to share reports on nuclear weapon usage as to stop Mutually Assured Destruction (M.A.D.) at least for now. Then, the delegates went a step further and established several long term solutions including the creation of an investment fund that would help aid third world nations and decrease their dependency on global superpowers in the future.
ASIAN SECURITY COUNCIL
Today in the Asian Security Council, delegates nished debate on the topic of the South China Sea, approving a resolution sponsored by Japan et al. that maintained current international policies on protecting freedom of navigation and promoting demilitarization across the board. Debate also began on the question of North Korea, and delegates have also participated more actively than on the rst topic. The amazing Vice-Chair took on the role of the delegate of the USA, promoting the resumption of Six-Party Talks and the nuclearization of South Korea and Japan.
The UNSC had a productive and busy day, starting the day turning in papers discussing the impacts and potential preventative measures for the rise of extremist right wing populism.
Mid-morning, the committee was informed that there was a crisis in Thailand: the current prime minister had begun to use massively anti-Uighur rhetoric to boost his popularity and anti-Uighur sentiment was growing. In response, the UNSC authorized a peace keeping operation in Thailand intended to protect Uighur communities and refugee camps in the committee. After violent con ict between mobs and the Peacekeepers, the Thai Foreign Minister arrived at committee and delivered a list of demands to the UNSC. Eventually, the UNSC accepted the terms on condition that Thailand allow a representative from the UNHRC to establish an of ce in Thailand and conduct yearly reports on discrimination and agitation against Uighurs.
After the crisis closed, the committee continued to work on its working papers and draft resolutions. At the end of the day, the committee passed one resolution sponsored by the USA, Sweden, and Uruguay (7 For - 3 Against - 2 Abstentions) that attempts to preserve the tenets of democracy but provide for extra research on the rise of populism to citizens of individual countries.
Committee closed with the beginning of debate on the second topic, the mistreatment of women and LGBTQ people.
Today, the 25 delegates of the UN Human Rights Council were able to complete crafting and debating their solutions for the first topic, “Eliminating Malnutrition and Hunger.” The delegates were able to successfully amend their working papers and ended up with comprehensive, multifaceted solutions ranging from changing governmental infrastructure to securing reliable funding for future aid initiatives. Toward the end of the day, delegates embarked on a politically controversial topic, “The Right to Freedom of Religion or Belief and Protection of Religious Minorities,” and are expertly treading the line on some seriously charged questions in order to forge peaceful compromises on a divisive issue.
Friday May 19th
The committee attempted to sanction Turkey, which the Chairs had to explain was not possible! The committee recognized that in some situations, the use of force is required to provide stability. The committee also noted the need for a consensus on what sort of force is acceptable and when the use of such force should be allowed, and further emphasized the necessity for the creation of a system of checks and balances to ensure the rule of law.
UNSC was a fast paced committee with relatively clear bloc divisions starting from the first discussions. There were no radical stances or perspectives and a lot of constructive interactions. Although blocs have already formed, the separate blocs do collaborate with each other. No delegate is left behind and conversation participants constantly fluctuate.
The Committee of UN WOMEN commenced the first session of the conference with a very active Speaker’s List where most of the countries elaborated on their stance on the topic of child marriage. Most countries focused on addressing the fundamental causes and curbing them while others enunciated the issues taking place in their country. This was followed by fruitful and intense lobbying periods filled with moderated and unmoderated caucuses that involved all delegates. Delegates discussed the religious, cultural and economic causes for Child Marriage. With different perspectives of delegates from diverse backgrounds representing a mix of the varied global community, almost all causes, effects and solutions of the agenda were discussed with bold speeches. Mere discussion progressed to effective and efficient solutions that they envisioned. Collective thinking and a sense of determination to make a change made the committee exciting and educating!
The DISEC committee kicked off with an exhilarating first day, full of amiable cooperation and fruitful debates. Equipped with impressive level of research and unwavering energy, delegates engaged in intense debates to seek out each others’ national interests while trying to find common ground. One particular discussion was on the salience of national sovereignty when ensuring global cybersecurity— depending on each nation’s stance on this matter, three blocs were formed to start drafting working papers.
The Cold War Committee began to address the United States’ recent discovery of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba. Delegates are grappling with the complexities that arise from political deadlock between the two major superpowers. With potential nuclear war imminent, delegates are exploring options for short term damage control, such as potential peace talks and negotiations. They are also pondering possible long term preventative measures, such as the creation of more neutral international organizations to check influence of superpowers and more comprehensive global nuclear weapon policies. During a period of extraordinary volatility, delegates are deeply involved in a race against time and strategic mind games.
ASIAN SECURITY COUNCIL
Delegates today debated major claims on the South China Sea, going into the specifics of China’s historical claims and finding that a variety of different, nuanced viewpoints exist. From the DPRK to Japan to Indonesia to Taiwan, every entity in committee had varied ideas influenced by their own unique political, cultural, and economic interaction with the region.
The delegates of the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee began the conference with a vigorous debate on the topic of Protecting Places of Cultural and Historical Significance Threatened by Conflict. Delegates exchanged their views on creative solutions such as 3D-printing preservation of cultural artifacts, multinational cooperation of museum staff, and military defense strategies for the protection of cultural artifacts through numerous moderated and unmoderated caucuses. The committee looks forward to putting these ideas on resolutions for the next day.
The UNHRC had a productive and informative first day as the delegates discussed the importance of tackling malnutrition from perspectives as varied as climate change, fighting corruption, and education. The delegates debated various methods of distributing aid, and what kind of education is most important towards fighting malnutrition, from agrarian technical skills to information on maternity and nursing.