unhcr

Chair: Sarah Wilkins 

Topic 1: Long-Term Refugee Planning

With this topic, the committee will examine the the need for refugee planning in the long-term using the Syrian refugee crisis as an example. 12 million people have fled their homes in Syria, and one of the most pressing issues with the current crisis is the confusion over who, if anyone, will house them. One third of the refugees are in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, but the other two-thirds are seeing asylum in Eastern European states, the EU and the US. Different nations have reacted to the refuges in different ways—from refusing to take them in in Hungary to Germany welcoming them with open arms. However, recently, Germany has started to impose restrictions on their refugee limits as a result of a lack of a unified agreement on how to relocate the refugee population between countries that are able to care for them. Thus, this committee will focus on how to relocate the Syrian refugees and attempt to come up with a standardized protocol based on population, land space and GDP, for the future.

Topic 2: Refugee Camp Sanitation

Some of the most deplorable global conditions today are found at refugee camps. This committee will seek to improve the livelihood of the refugees through improving sanitation and increased access to opportunities for the refugees. The committee will also seek to lower crime and disease outbreak rates. In particular, delegates will focus on the central/eastern region of Africa with special attention paid to Tanzanian and Kenyan refugee camps. Some camps are running at 200% capacity or more, which makes for overcrowding and unsanitary conditions. In addition, some of the young inhabitants of these refugee camps have spent their whole lives there and lack the mobility to seek better opportunities elsewhere. The ease at which people are allowed to leave refugee camps will also be addressed. Refugee camp violence will also be pertinent to debate. For example, the Daab Complex, home to 600,000 Somalis in Kenya, recently came under fire from a militant group. Is there any way to lower the instances of this type of violence? How can conditions be bettered?