Chapter 4: Best Delegate Practices



  • A notebook, pad, or loose leaf pieces of paper—for note-taking and writing of Working Papers and speeches

  • Pen—for writing!

  • Post-its—for note-passing!

  • Enthusiasm about international relations and problem-solving! :)

There are many ways to perform strongly as a delegate in an MUN Conference, especially in a conference like Yale MUN Korea that focuses on educational growth and interacting with students from diverse backgrounds. There are two important ways to measure your own personal success as a delegate--by your own standards, and by the awards criteria.

ONE: By Your Own Standard

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TWO: Awards Criteria

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Best Practices

Check out a few excellent practices for each of the below skills, all of which are essential for succeeding in an MUN conference.

Public Speaking:

  1. Prepare public speeches in advance with a bulleted outline of the major points you are going to make

  2. Speak concisely and clearly, maintaining eye contact with the audience, and moving neither too fast nor too slow

  3. Demonstrate in your speech the stakes--the “Why” question. Why does this issue matter? Why is action essential? And how can you help make this all happen?

Debate and Impromptu Speaking:

  1. Write a brief note that contains the point you want to make in debate

  2. Keep the point concise and specific, confining yourself to only the sub-topic currently under discussion

  3. If you are arguing against a fellow delegate’s point, be respectful and calm while arguing only against the content of their speech--do not use personal attacks

Points of Information: Points of Information should only be used to clarify a part of another delegate’s argument, or bring to light a point or question that they did not answer in their speech. They should not be used to make novel arguments only indirectly related to what was previously stated.

Clause Writing:

  1. In your clause, offer a precise but comprehensive solution to one issue or sub-topic of debate

  2. Answer the following questions in a single clause:

    1. What is the action this clause takes?

    2. Who takes it?

    3. When do they take it? What is the timeline?

    4. How is this action made possible? Does it require funding? If so, from where?

    5. How does this action alleviate the sub-topic or problem at hand?

  3. You must include implementation mechanisms for your clause. However, you should try to be specific. For example, do not say that “Relevant NGOs” will provide research or funding on an issue—instead, try to name a specific one.


Topic: Technological development

Preambulatory Clause:

Keeping in mind the growing gap in technology between developed and lesser-developed member states around the world,

Notes: Italicize the preambulatory phrase ending with “-ing”. This preambulatory clause recognizes a key problem behind the topic, giving a reason for action.

Operative Clauses:

  1. Encourages relevant United Nations agencies such as the Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) to further collaborate with developing countries to enhance technology research and development,

  2. Recommends the construction of regional technology educational centers staffed by both United Nations approved bodies and local grassroot organizations to:

    1. educate citizens on how to use technology such as the Internet in their daily lives

    2. spread awareness of available technology resources and applications

    3. expand the demographic base of technology users.

Notes: Underline the operative phrase, in the present tense. These clauses cite two specific actions that the committee might take to address the topic. Observe how clause #2 cites an implementation mechanism--U.N. approved bodies and local grassroot organizations will manage the “how” of the clause.

Cooperation and Debate:

  1. Get to know the other delegates so you can learn who you want to work with, and begin to bounce ideas off of other people. Also meeting people from all around Korea and the whole world is fun!

  2. Form coalitions to work on WPs and Draft Resolutions, firstly identifying the primary subtopics you want to address, and then developing an efficient game plan that divides up work among the members of the coalition

  3. Work together! Communicate often, including with the other coalitions in your committee.

Approaching Your Country:

  1. Do careful research about your country so you are prepared to represent their priorities and values

  2. Write clauses and work with fellow delegates that are aligned with your country’s priorities and values

  3. Work for both the good of committee and the good of your assigned country--you should be invested in creating a successful resolution, but ideally a successful resolution that has a maximum positive benefit on your own country.

Thank you for reading this textbook, and showing enthusiasm for Yale Model United Nations Korea! We are so excited to see you at this year’s conference in a few short weeks! In the meantime, please make sure to read your committee’s Topic Guide and be in touch with your committee Director with any questions!

See you soon,

Eujin Jang
Secretary-General, Yale Model United Nations Korea 2018

Kushal Dev
Director-General, Yale Model United Nations Korea 2018

Kyung Mi Lee
Under Secretary-General, Yale Model United Nations Korea 2018